Adult education slumps to lowest since major survey began more than 20 years ago

The government has been told to “wakeup” after research by the Learning and Work Institute found adult participation in education has fallen to a record low.

The news comes after adult education was snubbed in the Chancellor’s Spending Review, which handed £400 million to students aged 16 to 19 – but nothing to older learners.

Learning and Work Institute’s adult participation in learning survey has been tracking the number of adults taking part in education or training in the UK since 1996.

Its report for 2018 reveals just 35 per cent of adults say they have participated in learning during the previous three years, the lowest figure on record.

This is two percentage points lower than the 2017 survey, which reported the previous lowest participation rate, and six percentage points lower than the survey before that in 2015.

Last year a report by the Institute of Fiscal Studies found that funding for adult education has been cut by 45 per cent since 2009-10.

The institute’s chief executive Stephen Evans said: “Lifelong learning has never been more important. So, it should be a real cause for concern that participation has fallen to a record low, leaving the UK at risk of falling behind other countries.

“This survey should serve as a wakeup call, encouraging us to redouble our efforts to make lifelong learning accessible for all, and to invest in adult education.”

The survey showed the biggest regional gap in participation on record, with participation as low as 29 per cent in the south west, and 30 per cent in Yorkshire and the Humber and Northern Ireland.

To read Evans’ exclusive op-ed for FE Week on this survey, click here.

Its findings are based on a survey of 5,314 adults aged 17 and over across the UK, with fieldwork conducted in November and December 2018.

Sue Pember, former director of FE at the department for education and now policy director of adult education network HOLEX, said the study demonstrates the government needs to establish a lifelong learning strategy, “which kick starts a refreshed understanding that we all need enhanced skills if we are to thrive both economically and personally in this new technology-led world.

“It is time to change, government has found more funding for young people, it now needs to turn its mind to adults and overturn the 2011 austerity measures by investing in community-based education for those one in five adults with poor basic skills, those who need to retrain because their jobs are at threat and those whose lives, wellbeing and productivity could be improved through learning something new.”

The Commons Education Select Committee is currently undertaking an inquiry into adult education and lifelong learning, which is exploring the level of support available to learners.

Chair Robert Halfon launched the inquiry by calling for every town to have its own adult community learning centre and for there to be tax incentives for employers who invest in training their staff.

The survey also carries some recommendations for the National Retraining Scheme, which is due to begin rolling out next year; the survey was part-funded by the DfE to inform the scheme’s development.

Recommendations include helping people recognise the need to develop skills, helping those with no job security or progression opportunities consider retraining for roles in different industries, and ensuring information about the opportunities available through the scheme are widely promoted and accessible to all, offline and online.

The Department for Education was contacted for comment.

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  1. Look deeper, when the glh was taken out of ‘aim’ record (learning delivery) and recorded against the learner, it became impossible for the funding body to see the ‘real’ volume of delivery in each funding stream (i.e. hours)

    Everyone knows you can easily inflate learner numbers in Community learning with cheap tasters, or artificially inflate enrolments counts by sub dividing courses.

    Don’t get me wrong, I wholeheartedly support Community Learning, but it’s time to look deeper at value for money. In my opinion it’s not just inflationary pressure on a fixed budget that is damaging participation.

    Why do you think many providers want a Community Learning funding strand? It opens up all sorts of sophisticated ‘maximisations’.

  2. Also, the picture above is well chosen. 70+% of Community Learning provision are female learners and have been for years. If such a large funding pot were skewed in favour of any other demographic group wouldn’t questions be asked?

    How may Self Assessment Reports over the years have mentioned the need to increase male participation, a fair few I dare say. Arguably, it’s become a fairly standard ‘filler’ sentence to pad out a SAR these days.

    What was it Einstein said about insanity?…

  3. Unfortunately the news about a reduction in adult learning is not a surprise. As a Independent Training Provider with over 30 years experience of delivery to young people, adults and Apprenticeships, we were dumped in the last AEB tender. Despite our Ofsted grade as Good and performance levels above average and a full delivery of the Contract, apparently our bid did not reach the threshold because the ESFA determined some of the provision we had included was not priority which then brought our proposal below the threshold, Catch 22. All other aspects of our performance prior to the tender and the fact that take up of the contract allocated showed demand, it was worthless. Frankly all I see nowadays across the sector is administration and procurement processes that are not fit for purpose and the impact is reducing participation. The same is happening in Apprenticeships, the administration continues to find ways in which to reduce participation. If there are to be more reviews undertaken I suggest they start at the top and take a close look at the National administration of post 16 education and training, it is in dire need of reform.