Fears over ‘middle-class grab’ on apprenticeships are valid, minister admits


Fears of a “middle-class grab” on apprenticeships are “valid”, the skills minister has admitted.

Anne Milton told a House of Lords inquiry into the economics of further, higher and technical education that she was “watching and waiting” to see what happened – and would take action if necessary.

“Fears of a middle-class grab on apprenticeships are valid,” she said. “The majority of apprenticeships are at level two and level three. I think they still make up 90 per cent of it.

“But if you look at the starts, the one area where starts have gone up is at degree level. I feel quite strongly that an apprenticeship can offer social mobility, so I sit and wait and watch.

“And there are levers that I can – that we can as a government – pull at various times. We could distort the market.”

She admitted it would be “unwise” for the government to pull any of those levers yet, as there is “an awful lot of change in a short amount of time”.

Ms Milton said she would like to “expand the programme”, which would entail discussions with the Chancellor “as we would have to have more money in the system”.

She was responding to a question posed by Lord Lamont, who referred to concerns raised by the AELP that the focus on higher-cost, higher-level apprenticeships would squeeze out opportunities for young people at lower levels.

The management apprenticeship framework soared in popularity in 2016/17 to become the second most popular, according to Department for Education statistics.

And levy-funded apprenticeships at higher or degree level jumped by a massive 424 per cent on the previous month in September, according to experimental statistics, although it’s not clear which standards or frameworks these relate to.

Degree apprenticeships were first launched in September 2015, but have only been eligible for funding since May last year.

AELP boss Mark Dawe has argued that the seemingly inexorable rise in higher- and degree-level apprenticeships puts the government’s social mobility commitment at risk.

“Someone having access to level two and moving on to a level three, that to me is what social mobility is about,” he said at an event last November.

Without changes to the current funding system “you can say bye bye to level two”, he warned.

Your thoughts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *


  1. Are we really so surprised that both universities and potential graduates have taken a route that offers less debt with the same degree, employment and a degree? Why wouldn’t they. Are we really surprised that all kinds of employers have opted to take advantage of management training? I wager that the statistics show the hike in management apprenticeships for not represent a hike in new enteerants to new jobs, first time employment with a particular employer. Social mobility may well be better served by many more level 1 and level 2 apprenticeships being offered.

  2. James

    I worked at a famous hotel in London, every apprentice in the hotel were middle class. All interviews with future recruits were middle class. The chef was classist and only recruited from middle class backgrounds and pushed them forward. Those from working class backgrounds working as janitors never had any opportunities to better themselves or push up the ladder.

    The system is rigged.